Endometriosis

What is endometriosis? 

The name of this painful disorder comes from the endometrium tissue. This tissue lines the inner sides of the uterus. In this disorder, a similar kind of tissue grows outside the uterus and sometimes in the wall of uterus. Endometriosis is often seen around the ovaries and behind the uterus and in the pelvic region.

Sometimes it is seen to present in bowel and bladder. Every month, this tissue undergoes inflammation causing internal bleeding. This blood has no way out and becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form.

The situation can worsen as the surrounding tissues get inflamed or develop adhesions. The bands of pelvic tissues can stick to the surrounding reproductive organs and cause severe pain during periods.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

Dr. Preeti Rastogi, our expert doctor, will first try to diagnose the disorder. They will look for the following symptoms:

  • Bleeding: If you have long and heavy menstrual periods or blood discharge with urine, it might be a symptom of endometriosis.
  • Pain: Our doctor will want to know if you have pain during menstruation and have felt any unnatural pain during or after intercourse.
  • Infertility: Our infertility doctor usually diagnoses endometriosis while treating patients for infertility.
  • Digestive problems: If you experience fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, etc., during your menstrual cycle, they may be symptoms of endometriosis.

What causes endometriosis in women?

There may be several reasons for your disorder. At Dr. Preeti Rastogi, we will carefully examine your body and determine the cause of your endometriosis disorder. That way, we can chart a recovery route for you.

  • Immune system problem: Your body would usually destroy an endometrial growth outside its place unless your immune system is impaired.
  • Menstrual period flow problem: Many of our patients have been found to have retrograde menstruation, where the menstrual blood containing the endometrial cells flows upwards through the fallopian tubes. There, it accumulates and forms a mass that bleeds during every menstrual cycle.
  • Hormones: During puberty, the estrogen hormone may alter the embryonic cells into endometrial cells.
  • Genetic factors: If your mother, grandmother, or sister suffered endometriosis, you are at a high risk of developing it.
  • Surgery: Endometrial cells can grow at the incision site after some surgeries, like caesarean section.

How do we diagnose endometriosis?

  • Pelvic exam: The doctor will examine thoroughly to check for any tenderness or nodule or cyst.
  • Ultrasound: is advised to check for ovarian cyst or hydrosalpinx.
  • Laparoscopy: is the gold standard in diagnosing endometriosis.

Our treatment for endometriosis

Our experienced doctors might prescribe any of the following treatments for your disorder, depending on the severity of your symptoms.

  • Birth control medication: Contraceptive pills may prevent the inflammation of endometrial tissue by suppressing ovulation and thereby suppressing estrogen hormone.
  • IUD: Intrauterine device called MIRENA (progesterone containing device) is inerted in the uterus for the treatment of endometriosis.
  • Pain medication: If you suffer from painful menstrual cramps, the doctor may prescribe pain-relieving medicines like Mefenemic acid. 
  • Surgery: Laparoscopic treatment is advised to treat endometriosis.

Women who have completed fertility may be advised Hysterectomy.

Dr Preeti Rastogi can perform Robotic or Laparoscopic Hysterectomy    

Book an appointment now.

We understand that this is a serious disorder and can cause much pain. We have adopted a hands-on approach to treating endometriosis at Dr. Preeti Rastogi. We offer various treatments based on each patient’s symptoms and conditions. Within a few days of visiting our clinic, you will see an improvement in your condition.